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Climate Change Promises Fall Short and Risk ‘destabilised World and Endless Suffering’, UN Says

Taylor Johnston

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The latest global climate promises to cut emissions are not yet enough to stay under the dangerous threshold of global heating that would trigger severe climate breakdown, UN scientists have warned.

The UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) latest annual emissions report exposes the gap between what countries have promised and what should be done to achieve the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to 1.5C.

It finds each country’s action plans – known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) – only knock 7.5% off predicted 2030 emissions, but 55% is needed to meet the 1.5C goal. Beyond 1.5C, more severe impacts of climate change kick in, from extreme weather to rising sea levels.

Inger Andersen, executive director of UNEP said we have eight years to “make the plans, put in place the policies, implement them and ultimately deliver the cuts. The clock is ticking loudly.”

Climate change is no longer a future problem. It is a now problem,” she said.

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It comes just as Australia commits to net zero by 2050 and China sets out its plan to peak carbon emissions by 2030.

The Emissions Gap Report also found the world is facing at least 2.7C of heating this century based on the latest climate promises for 2030. Next week leaders will meet for climate talks at COP26, which aims to “keep 1.5?C alive”.

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COP26: Bleak climate report shows colossal challenge facing UN conference

Overshooting these goals will lead to “a destabilised world and endless suffering, especially among those who have contributed the least to the [greenhouse gas] emissions in the atmosphere,” said Patricia Espinosa, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

“We are nowhere near where science says we should be,” Espinosa said.

However, net zero commitments may offer a glimmer of hope, as they could curb heating to 2.2?C, but only if they were “made robust and if 2030 promises were made consistent with the net zero commitments” the report said.

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But it warns net zero pledges are still vague, incomplete in many cases, and inconsistent with most 2030 NDCs.

It found the latest NDCs from some G20 countries were no better than their previous offering – such as Australia, Brazil and Mexico – or so unambitious that they further policy action, like Russia’s.

Caterina Brandmayr, head of climate policy at Green Alliance, warned net zero targets are “only the first step, and must urgently be translated into concrete actions, particularly by G20 nations”.

“COP26 must provide a clear route forward to accelerate emission reductions and ensure countries continue to ramp up their near term climate action,” said Brandmayr.

Bleak climate report shows colossal challenge facing COP26

The prime minister’s comment yesterday that success at the COP climate summit in Glasgow is “touch and go” was not a throwaway remark.

Today’s Emissions Gap Report spells out, in the starkest of terms, just how far away the UN-led process is from delivering its aim of preventing dangerous levels of climate change.

It estimates the carbon-cutting commitments that countries are bringing to Glasgow currently put us on a trajectory for 2.7 degrees of warming by the end of this century.

That level of warming would lead to extremely dangerous extremes of weather and climate endangering food and water supplies, wipe many low-lying nations off the map due to several metres of sea-level rise (although this would take centuries more), not to mention obliterating most of the world’s glaciers and killing our existing coral reefs.

The report also lays bare the colossal challenge of how much we need to change.

Click here for Tom Clarke’s full analysis

Piers Forster, climate change professor at Leeds University, said the report paints “an overly bleak picture”.

He said: “It is true that the 2030 emissions gap remains but if you look at their numbers, it shows that the gap in longer term emission targets is almost closed.

“These national plans show that the costs of action are far less than the cost of inaction, so we have it all to play for at [COP26] to close these gaps even further.”

The report also highlights ways to slash emissions quickly, including by tackling the lesser talked about greenhouse gas methane through technology and diet changes.

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Sepi Golzari-Munro, of the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit, and Chidi Oti-Obihara, the co-founder of COP26 Climate Action Plan, discuss how record high fuel prices could shape future climate policy

Watch the Daily Climate Show at 6.30pm Monday to Friday on Sky News, the Sky News website and app, on YouTube and Twitter.

The show investigates how global warming is changing our landscape and highlights solutions to the crisis.

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Original Source: news.sky.com

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Lifting of Lockdowns in Major Chinese Cities Signals Shift in COVID Stance

Taylor Johnston

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Major Chinese cities have started to lift COVID lockdowns and ease restrictions following widespread protests over stringent zero-COVID policies.

Less than 24 hours after violent protests in Guangzhou, officials in at least seven districts of the sprawling port city north of Hong Kong announced they were lifting lockdowns.

One district on Wednesday said it would allow in-person classes in schools to resume and would reopen restaurants and other businesses including cinemas.

Authorities in the southwestern city of Chongqing said they would now allow close contacts of people with COVID-19, who meet certain conditions, to quarantine at home.

The “orderly” resumption of businesses, including supermarkets, gyms and restaurants was announced in Zhengzhou in central China, where there have been clashes at a huge Foxconn factory making iPhones, and an exodus of workers from the site frustrated by COVID curbs.

In rare scenes of open dissent, protests have flared across the country in response to COVID lockdowns and restrictions, including in the commercial hub of Shanghai and the capital Beijing.

People with mild coronavirus symptoms in east Beijing are now being allowed to self-isolate at home, according to new rules issued by community leaders.

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Another nearby neighbourhood is holding an online poll this week on the possibility of positive cases isolating at home.

“I certainly welcome the decision by our residential community to run this vote regardless of the outcome,” said resident Tom Simpson, managing director for China at the China-Britain Business Council.

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He said his main concern was being forced to go into a quarantine facility, where “conditions can be grim to say the least”.

Read more:On Chinese social media, America is being blamed for the protestsWhy are people demonstrating?Your questions on the protests answered

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0:55

Police clash with protesters in China

The softening stance follows quarantine protocols earlier in the year which saw entire communities locked down, sometimes for weeks, after even just one positive case was found.

National health officials said earlier in the week that China would respond to “urgent concerns” raised by the public and that COVID rules should be implemented more flexibly, according to the severity of outbreaks in each region.

Despite near-record case numbers, Vice Premier Sun Chunlan said on Wednesday the virus’s ability to cause disease was weakening, state media reported.

She also urged further “optimisation” of testing, treatment and quarantine policies.

It contrasts with earlier messages from authorities about the deadliness of the virus.

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Although the easing of some measures appears to be an attempt to appease the public, authorities have also started to seek out protesters, some who were at the Beijing protests told Reuters news agency.

“Police came to my front door to ask me about it all and get me to complete a written record,” a resident, who did not want to be identified, said.

Another said some friends who posted videos of protests on social media were taken to a police station and asked to sign a pledge they “would not do that again”.

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Saudi Arabia Wants Its Investors to Own Manchester United and Liverpool

Taylor Johnston

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Saudi Arabia says it wants its investors to take over Manchester United and Liverpool – and hopes Cristiano Ronaldo comes to play in its domestic league.

Sports minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Turki Al-Faisal revealed the country’s latest sporting ambitions in an interview with Sky News – with the sovereign wealth fund already owning Newcastle and now funding a breakaway golf series.

It is the availability of United – after the Glazers announced plans for a potential sale – and Ronaldo that is interesting Prince Abdulaziz.

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2:23

‘Islamophobic’ if forced to sell alcohol

He would be keen on Ronaldo signing for a Saudi Pro League after the World Cup, with the 37-year-old a free agent following a fraught departure this week from United.

“Who wouldn’t want him to play in their league?” Prince Abdulaziz told Sky News. “He’s a role model to a lot of young players – him and Messi.”

The vision would see the Saudi league featuring both Ronaldo and Messi, who is still signed to Paris Saint-Germain but is already signed up to promote Saudi Arabia.

“That’s benefited a lot in terms of tourism for the kingdom,” Prince Abdulaziz said. “If they can, I’d love to see them both play in the Saudi league.”

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Newcastle was bought by the Saudis last year through the Public Investment Fund, which the Premier League claims is not controlled by the government despite being headed by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

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Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo

Now two other Premier League clubs are on the market – Liverpool and United – and the sports minister wants either – or both – to fall under Saudi ownership.

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“I hope so, if there are investors and the numbers add up, and it makes a good business,” he said. “Then the private sector could come in, or companies could come in, from the kingdom.”

He added: “The Premier League is the best league in the world. Everyone’s watching the Premier League. It’s the most watched league and there are diehard fans of these teams in the kingdom. So it would be a benefit for everyone.”

“I can say that we have a strong league. It’s not one of the strongest in Asia. You know, we’re building towards a better future. And we see how the future holds up for that.”

He continued: “And you know, I heard about these speculations in the news, as everyone else. I don’t have any details about any of the reports that have been coming out. But you know, what I can say is that we have Messi as an ambassador for tourism in the kingdom with the ministry of tourism – and that’s benefited a lot.”

Read more:Ronaldo breaks silence on explosive interviewHow ‘scavenger’ Glazers bought club and left Old Trafford in a ‘mess’

He went on: “In terms of tourism for the kingdom, if they can, I’d love to see them both play in the Saudi League, and, you know, if top players come into the Saudi League and play that will reinforce the programmes that we’re doing.

“It will showcase that, you know, the league is stronger to showcase that there’s potential for the youth to admire for the future.”

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Biden and Zelenskyy at Odds Over Origin of Missile That Killed Two in Poland

Taylor Johnston

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US President Joe Biden has disputed Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s assertions that a missile that landed in Poland and killed two people was not of Ukrainian origin.

Ukraine’s president said on Wednesday he had “no doubt” the missile “was not Ukrainian” and called for his officials to have access to the site of the blast.

Ukraine war latest: CIA in talks over ‘nuclear threat’

Mr Biden has said the trajectory suggested the missile was unlikely to have come from Russia and, when asked on Thursday about Mr Zelenskyy’s comments on the issue, he told reporters: “That’s not the evidence.”

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0:29

‘Unlikely missile was fired from Russia’

The missile hit a grain silo on a farm in Przewodow – around four miles from Poland’s border with Ukraine.

The blast sparked an international outcry amid the possibility it represented a Russian assault on NATO territory, after the Polish ministry of foreign affairs described the missile as “Russian-made”.

However, Moscow insists it did not fire the missile, with Russia’s defence ministry denying Russian involvement, saying: “No strikes on targets near the Ukrainian-Polish state border were made by Russian means of destruction.”

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It claimed images of the site showed the wreckage to be that of a Ukrainian S-300 missile.

Three US officials have said preliminary assessments suggest the missile was fired by Ukrainian forces at an incoming Russian one.

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Ukraine maintains stocks of Soviet and Russian-made weaponry, including air-defence missiles, and has also seized many more Russian weapons while beating back the Kremlin’s forces during the conflict – now in its ninth month.

The missile blast in Poland had sparked worried talk of NATO’s Article 5, which means an attack on a member country is seen as an attack on all allies.

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2:23

How did Poland missile strike play out?

‘This is not Ukraine’s fault’

But Polish President Andrzej Duda has said his country is “very likely” to instead invoke Article 4, which allows a member country to raise a security issue and have it discussed.

“From the information that we and our allies have, it was an S-300 rocket made in the Soviet Union, an old rocket and there is no evidence that it was launched by the Russian side,” he said.

“It is highly probable that it was fired by Ukrainian anti-aircraft defence to protect Ukrainian territory.”

NATO ambassadors have held emergency talks in response to the war’s first deadly extension into the territory of the Western alliance.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has also spoken about Tuesday’s incident and said whatever the outcome of the investigation into the blast, Russia “bears ultimate responsibility as it continues its illegal war against Ukraine”.

“This is not Ukraine’s fault,” he said.

Other key developmentso Investigators in Ukraine’s southern port city of Kherson have found 63 bodies with signs of torture, the country’s interior minister is quoted as saying by the Interfax Ukraine news agencyo Explosions are being reported in the northern Crimean town of Dzhankoi, according to Belarusian news outlet Nextao The Czech Republic plans to train up to 4,000 Ukrainian troops in 2023, the country’s defence minister sayso The International Paralympic Committee votes to suspend Russia at its general assembly in Berlin

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1:05

Poland missile ‘not Ukraine’s fault’

Russian missile strikes target energy and infrastructure

The incident occurred during what Ukraine has described as the biggest wave of Russian missile strikes on its territory since the start of Russia’s invasion in February.

According to UK intelligence, Russia carried out up to 80 long-range missile strikes – mostly against power infrastructure targets – on Tuesday.

“This is likely the largest number of strikes that Russia has conducted in a single day since the first week of the invasion,” said the UK’s Ministry of Defence.

As Russian forces continue to attack Ukraine’s national infrastructure, this is “drawing deeply upon Russia’s reserves of conventional cruise missiles”, it added in its latest update on the situation on the ground.

It came as fresh Russian missile strikes on Thursday targeted critical infrastructure including gas production facilities and a missile plant, the Interfax Ukraine news agency quoted Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal as saying.

Air raid warnings were issued as explosions were heard in several parts of the country, including the southern port city of Odesa, the capital Kyiv and the central city of Dnipro – home to the huge Pivdenmash missile factory.

There were further reports that the southern port city of Odesa was also struck by missiles.

Oleksiy Chernyshov, chief executive of state energy company Natogaz, said Russia had carried out a “massive attack” on the infrastructure of gas producer Ukrgazvydobuvannia in eastern Ukraine.

Ukraine’s foreign ministry spokesperson Oleg Nikolenko said: “(Russian President Vladimir) Putin wants to deprive millions of people of electricity and heating, amid freezing temperatures. Send Ukraine more air and missile defence systems to avert this tragedy. Delays cost lives.”

Black Sea grain deal extended

Meanwhile, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres announced the extension of an international deal to ensure the safe delivery of exports of grain, foodstuffs, and fertilisers from Ukraine through the Black Sea.

July’s Turkey and UN-brokered grain export deal ensured safe passage in and out of Odesa and two other Ukrainian ports, Chornomorsk and Yuzhne, and was set to expire on Saturday.

It followed a blockade of Ukrainian ports by Russia’s Black Sea fleet, which cut off supplies to grain and other food products around the world and sent global prices soaring.

Ukraine is one of the world’s biggest grain producers, and the four-month-old programme averted a global food crisis.

Mr Zelenskyy said earlier that he expected the renewal for at least 120 days, calling it a “key decision in the global fight against the food crisis”.

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