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Dangerous Levels of Alcohol Consumption Identified by African Hunter-gatherer Groups

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Macia, Mubengere Forest Camp. Credit: N. Chaudhary

Mbendjele BaYaka is an indigenous Congo hunter-gatherer, one of the many “pygmy” hunter-gatherers in the Central African rainforest.

Traditionally it relies primarily on self-sufficient foraging, but is now in the midst of a socio-economic transition. Increasing logging and community conservation initiatives mean that many Mbendjele BaYaka have moved to more permanent and sedentary settlements in search of alternative employment with increased alcoholism as a detrimental consequence. ..

Problems related to Use of alcohol Although long identified as a major health risk facing indigenous communities around the world, there are virtually no studies and data on consumption patterns and health effects for African hunter-gatherers.Community Remote area..

In a new study published today PLOS ONE, An international team of researchers presents data showing that the prevalence of dangerous alcohol consumption in transitional hunter-gatherer populations such as Mbendjele BaYaka is significantly higher than in other segments of Congo. populationEmphasizes the urgent need for targeted public health interventions.

Bantu stalls selling alcohol and cigarettes. Credit: Gul Deniz Salali

Dr. Nickil Chaudary, an assistant professor of evolutionary anthropology at the University of Cambridge’s Faculty of Archeology, said: .. Our study finally provides quantitative data showing the actual prevalence of dangerous drinking and its particular impact on the health and well-being of these communities. “

“Our team surveyed three Mubengere camps in the Ndoki Forest in Congo. We found that 44.3% of the samples consumed dangerous amounts of alcohol based on WHO standards. In our study, these communities — high rates of drinking during pregnancy and lactation, alcohol-induced violence, High blood pressure Increased prevalence of diarrhea, one of the leading causes of indigenous deaths. “

Dr. Chaudary commented on the next steps. “Given the combined pressures of deprivation, exploitation and rapid acculturation that the Bayakas are currently facing, this study Evidence base For programs aimed at improving health and social outcomes. “

“Importantly, it is imperative that communities be involved and empowered in the process of producing these health interventions. Bayaka in the socio-economic system of the region and the world, as socio-economic inequality is the fundamental driving force. There must also be widespread change in dealing with the marginal position of the tribe. health.. “

Find your way in the rainforest

For more information:
Quantification of patterns of alcohol consumption and their impact on the health and well-being of Bayaka hunter-gatherers: a cross-sectional study of mixed methods, PLOS ONE (2021). doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258384

Quote: Dangerous levels of alcohol consumption identified by the African Hunter-Gatherer Group (October 27, 2021) are https: //phys.org/news/2021-10-hazardous-alcohol-consumption-african- Obtained from hunter-gatherer on October 27, 2021. html

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Dangerous levels of alcohol consumption identified by African hunter-gatherer groups

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Fire Under Control Near Fountain Creek Park

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Update 11:12 a.m.

Firefighters put out a wildland fire early Thursday in the Fountain area, officials said.

The blaze was reported about 3:45 a.m. on the east side of Fountain Creek and south of Duckwood Park, Fountain police said in news release. Crews from fire departments in Security, Stratmoor Hills, Fort Carson and Hanover responded to heavy smoke and flames.

The fire was about a mile west of Colorado 85.

“The mild weather conditions this morning made it easier for fire crews to get this fire under control quickly,” police said.

The fire burned less than an acre before it was fully contained, officials said. As of Thursday morning, officials said the area is being monitored and might take several hours before the scene is cleared.

The cause of the fire is under investigation but officials said a lightning strike Wednesday afternoon might have ignited it.

Update 11 a.m.: The fire is 100% contained and burned less than one acre. No structures were threatened and no reported injuries.

The cause of the fire is still under investigation, however, officials think it possibly started from a lightning strike due to later afternoon storms on Wednesday.

Fountain fire department battled a wildland fire near Fountain Creek Regional Park Thursday morning, Fountain police said.

The fire ignited around 3:30 a.m. between Hwy 85 and Comanche Village Drive and crews managed to get the fire under control, police said.

Containment was 50% as of 7 a.m. but police did not give any estimates of the fire’s size.

The cause of the fire is under investigation, police said.


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911 Lines Down in Fremont and Custer Counties, Officials Say

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Fremont and Custer counties have been without 911 services since Wednesday afternoon, officials said.

According to the Fremont County Emergency Management, the lines have been down since 5:15 p.m. Wednesday. The public is asked to not call 911 “to test or check your phone.”

Calls will be be routed to the Pueblo County Sheriff’s Office, officials said. From there, they will be transferred back to Fremont County dispatchers.

This is a developing story. Check with gazette.com for updates.


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Original Source: gazette.com

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Alaska Rep. Don Young to Lie in State at US Capitol

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Rep. Don Young, the longest-serving Republican in U.S. House history, will lie in state in the U.S. Capitol on March 29.Read More

Original Article: seattletimes.com

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