A range of stealth tax rises to help repair UK public finances was unveiled by chancellor Jeremy Hunt, who asked “more from those who have more” as the cost of living crisis deepens.
Millions of Britons will be dragged into higher tax bands as thresholds and allowances on income tax, national insurance and inheritance tax have been frozen until 2028. There were also steep cuts to tax-free allowances on capital gains and dividends.
The decision to freeze and cut thresholds comes as UK inflation hit an annual 11.1 per cent this week. Government documents said these decisions on personal taxes would raise an additional £3.5bn by 2028 — the consequence of “fiscal drag” pulling more Britons into higher tax brackets.
The Autumn Statements measures were on top of four-year tax freezes announced in then-chancellor Rishi Sunak’s March 2021 Budget. These were forecast at the time to raise £21bn, but the figure is set to be higher as inflation has outpaced expectations.
The chancellor imposed a tax rise on the highest earners by cutting the 45p income tax threshold from £150,000 to £125,140 from April 2024, a move that will put 250,000 people into the highest tax band, according to Shaun Moore, financial planning expert at Quilter.
“Under this change, the 629,000 people already in the higher rate bracket will pay just under £1,250 more in tax,” Moore added.
The 40 per cent tax rate applies to income up to £100,000, but with an effective rate of 60 per cent charged on income between £100,000 and £125,140 because the personal allowance tapers down.
This tax-free allowance for income tax and national insurance will remain at £12,570 until 2028, a two-year extension on a threshold freeze previously announced by then-chancellor Rishi Sunak. Similarly, the threshold for those moving into the 40 per cent higher rate of income tax remains at £50,270.
Frozen thresholds hit the “squeezed middle” hardest. Using forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility, investment broker AJ Bell calculated that those earning £50,000, and so hovering just under the current higher-rate threshold, will pay £6,570 more in income tax over the period of the tax freeze — a 14 per cent increase in their income tax bill over the period.
The inheritance tax threshold, which has been at £325,000 since 2009, will also be held at this level until 2028. Tax receipts from inheritance tax have risen from £2.3bn in 2009 to £6bn in 2021 as property prices have rocketed, while the threshold has stayed the same.
“Extending the main threshold freeze to 2028 will entrench nearly 20 years of stealth tax increases on the transfer of wealth and means ever more modest estates are facing tax liabilities,” said Julia Rosenbloom, tax partner at professional services firm Evelyn Partners.
One of the few surprises in the chancellor’s statement was the decision to cut the annual exemption to capital gains tax, which will be reduced from £12,300 to £6,000 next year, then to £3,000 from April 2024. However, Hunt stopped short of raising CGT tax rates.
The exemption reduction means that, from April 2024, those liable for CGT will pay up to £2,604 more than they do currently, according to Nimesh Shah, chief executive at tax adviser Blick Rothenberg.
Those who receive income via dividends — including small business owners and entrepreneurs as well as investors — will see their tax-free allowance squeezed, too. The dividend allowance drops from £2,000 to £1,000 next year, then to £500 from April 2024.
Cutting the dividend tax allowance to £1,000 will cost a basic rate taxpayer £87.50, a higher rate taxpayer £337.50, and an additional rate taxpayer £393.50 next year. Halving it again from April 2024 means it will fall to one-tenth of the £5,000 allowance when it was introduced in 2016.
Laura Suter, head of personal finance at AJ Bell, calculated that the moves to cut tax-free allowances on dividends and capital gains will together generate £4.6bn for the government over the next five tax years.
However, there was some reprieve for pensioners as Hunt honoured his commitment to keep the pensions triple lock. The state pension, benefits and tax credits will rise by 10.1 per cent in April — in line with September’s inflation level.
Source Here: ft.com
Blackstone’s BREIT Defence
Amid all the crypto excitement we missed an update from another one of the more legitimately interesting stories out there: The Blackstone Real Estate Income Trust has published its third-quarter results.
Last month we published a big post exploring BREIT’s rampant growth, its growing importance to Blackstone, the increasingly wild divergence between its performance (up ca. 9.3 per cent this year) and publicly listed real estate trusts (down about 28 per cent in 2022) and the outlook at a time of rising rates and weakening property markets. It’s a subject that is getting more and more attention.
Unsurprisingly, Blackstone thinks all this chatter is overdone, so in addition to the 10-Q it also released a Q&A with Nadeem Meghji, the company’s head of Americas real estate, which attempts to address all these issues. The tl;dr is that Blackstone is great, they love BREIT, and so should you.
BREIT has delivered extraordinary returns to investors since inception nearly 6 years ago. We could not be more proud of the portfolio we have built. Demonstrating our conviction in BREIT, Blackstone employees have over $1 billion of their own money invested in the company, including more than $300 million invested by senior executives over the last four months.
The Q&A is worth reading to see how Blackstone’s rationale for why it is doing so much better than publicly traded real estate, its explanation for outflows (driven mostly by wealthy people in Asia, it seems) and how values its real estate.
Their emphasis below:
BREIT updates its valuations monthly to reflect what’s happening in the private real estate market and has those values reviewed by an independent third party.
Higher interest rates have led to materially higher cap rates (lower valuation multiples) which have negatively impacted valuations. BREIT’s valuations reflect this change, and we have increased our assumed rental housing and industrial exit cap rates and discount rates by 14% and 6% YTD, respectively.
At the same time, BREIT’s strong cash flow growth, stable income and value increases from our interest rate hedges have more than offset the negative valuation impact from materially higher cap rates.
Our 5.4% assumed rental housing and industrial exit cap rate is 160bps above the 10Y treasury yield of 3.8%.
So far this year, BREIT has sold $2B of real estate at an average 8% premium to the carrying value that BREIT ascribed to these assets.
Our assumed rental housing and industrial exit cap rate today is higher than many non-traded REIT peers, who have not moved their valuation assumptions as meaningfully.
For completists, in an accompanying video you can also watch Blackstone president Jonathan Gray talk up the prospects of BREIT despite a “challenging time” for markets. It’s almost as if the vehicle has become essential to Blackstone’s financial results…
The third-quarter report and a monthly portfolio update indicates that not everyone is convinced though. After a ferocious stretch of growth since being established, BREIT’s net asset value dipped to $69.5bn at the end of October, from $70.4bn at the end of September. (Its total assets were valued at $144.9bn at the time).
Outflows — in the form of repurchases of investor shares — have slowed since the summer, but will continue to be “closely watched as the fund matures in the face of a less constructive backdrop,” as Jefferies analysts noted in a report this morning.
The question is still just how sticky money in BREIT will prove if the US real estate market does crack and Blackstone is forced into marking down the value of its holdings. That could made its performance suddenly look a lot less fabulous. We suspect some people at 345 Park Avenue are praying for a Fed pivot.
Original Post: ft.com
Blackstone Limits Withdrawals at $125bn Property Fund As Investors Rush to Exit
Blackstone has limited investor withdrawals at its $125bn real estate investment fund after a surge in redemption requests from investors pulling cash from private assets.
The private equity group met only 43 per cent of redemption requests from investors in the Blackstone Real Estate Income Trust fund in the month of November, according to a notice it sent to investors on Thursday.
Shares in Blackstone fell as much as 8 per cent.
The withdrawal limit underscores the risks high net worth investors have taken in putting money into Blackstone’s mammoth private real estate fund, which — after accounting for debt — owns $69bn in net assets, spanning logistics facilities, apartment buildings, casinos and medical office parks.
Investors can redeem up to 5 per cent of their holdings in any given quarter, at which point Blackstone can limit withdrawal requests to prevent a fire sale of its illiquid real estate holdings.
On Thursday, Blackstone announced the sale of its 49.9 per cent interest in the MGM Grand Las Vegas and Mandalay Bay Resort casinos in Las Vegas for a $1.27bn cash consideration. Including debt, the deal valued the properties at more than $5bn.
Cash from the sales, which were agreed at a premium to the carrying values of the properties, can help with liquidity for BREIT as it meets redemption requests or be reinvested in faster-growing property assets, according to a person familiar with the matter.
In October, BREIT received $1.8bn in redemption requests, or about 2.7 per cent of its net asset value, and has already received redemption requests in November and December exceeding the quarterly limit.
It allowed investors to withdraw $1.3bn in November, or just 43 per cent of the redemption requests it received. Blackstone would allow investors to redeem just 0.3 per cent of the fund’s net assets this month, it added in the notice.
About 70 per cent of redemption requests have come from Asia, according to people familiar with the matter, an outsized share considering non-US investors account for only about 20 per cent of BREIT’s total assets.
Private capital managers have increasingly turned to retail investors, arguing high net worth investors should have the same ability as pension and sovereign wealth funds to diversify away from public markets. Part of the pitch that money managers make is that, by giving up some liquidity rights, higher returns can be achieved without assuming greater risk.
The BREIT fund allows for 2 per cent of assets to be redeemed by clients per month with a maximum of 5 per cent allowed in a calendar quarter. The fund’s net asset value has been marked up by more than 9 per cent in the 12 months to the end of September, a dramatic divergence from public markets where real estate investment trusts have declined sharply in value. Vanguard’s publicly listed real estate index fund has declined more than 22 per cent this year.
In recent years, the fund has been one of the big sources of Blackstone’s growth in assets under management, alongside a private credit fund called BCRED. In recent quarters, rising redemption requests from both funds have worried analysts as a signal of stalling asset growth.
“Our business is built on performance, not fund flows, and performance is rock solid,” said Blackstone in a statement sent to the Financial Times that emphasised the fund’s concentration in rental housing and logistics in fast-growing areas of the US and its predominantly fixed rate liabilities.
Original Source: ft.com
Tracking Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine in Maps
Since the start of the Russian invasion on February 24, Ukraine has liberated a total of 74,443 sq km of territory from Russian forces, according to data from the Institute for the Study of War think-tank.
Ukrainian forces advanced into Kherson on Friday after Russia said its forces had completed their withdrawal from the southern city, sealing one of the biggest setbacks to president Vladimir Putin’s invasion.
Kyiv’s progress and Moscow’s chaotic retreat across the Dnipro river, conducted under Ukrainian artillery fire, means Russia has now surrendered the only provincial capital it had captured in the war, as well as ceding key strategic positions.
At the end of August, Ukraine launched its first big counter-attack since Russia’s full assault on the country began in February, even as Kyiv complained that its forces lacked sufficient heavy western weaponry to make a decisive strike.
The advance liberated 3,000 sq km of territory in just six days — Ukraine’s biggest victory since it pushed Russian troops back from the capital in March.
Ukraine’s forces have continued to push east, capturing the crucial transport hub of Lyman, near the north-eastern edge of the Donetsk province, which it wrestled from Russian control on October 1. The hard-fought victory came after nearly three weeks of battle and set the stage for a Ukrainian advance towards Svatove, a logistics centre for Russia after its troops lost the Kharkiv region in the lightning Ukrainian counter-offensive.
Other key maps and charts from the war
The shift in the conflict’s focus towards the Donbas region follows Russia’s failure to capture Kyiv during the first phase of the war. Before Ukraine’s rapid counter-offensive, marginal Russian gains in the east suggested the war was entering a period of stalemate.
The Russians were thwarted in Kyiv by a combination of factors, including geography, the attackers’ blundering and modern arms — as well as Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and pieces of foam mat.
The number of Ukrainians fleeing the conflict makes it one of the largest refugee crises in modern history.
In mid-March, an attack on a Ukrainian military base, which had been used by US troops to train Ukrainian soldiers, added to Russia’s increasingly direct threats that Nato’s continued support of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant in the war. On March 24, Nato agreed to establish four new multinational battle groups in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochan Consulting, FT research
Cartography and development by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid and Liz Faunce. Based on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London.
Original Article: ft.com
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