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The 5-step Method That Turns “I Don’t Know What I’m Doing!” Into a Coaching Superpower.



“Am I doing this right?”

Self-doubt. Like a rusty sidecar on your coaching motorcycle, it rattles along next to you, no matter how long you’ve been doing this.

It might creep in when a client comes to you with a problem you’ve never dealt with before, or when a client complains, “I’ve done absolutely everything you’ve suggested—and nothing’s changed!”


We can feel our armpits prickling too.

Here’s a secret: Even the best health-and-nutrition coaches sometimes question their skills and knowledge.

And actually, that’s a good thing.

But eventually, you do need to break those chains of self-doubt in order to help your clients figure out next actions, and be their trusted guide.

In this article, we’ll share five tools to stress-test your knowledge when you’re feeling unsure, and help you determine the best next steps for your clients.

We’ve borrowed these tools from scientists. (They’re experts in knowledge acquisition, and using what they’ve learned to inform future decisions.)

As a coach, these tools will help you feel smarter—and more comfortable facing novel coaching scenarios. Your clients will get better results. And usually, that leads to more referrals.

(In other words, everyone wins.)

Let’s learn.

Tool #1: Get comfortable with the phrase: “I might be wrong.”

Helen Kolias, PhD, is Precision Nutrition’s science advisor.

Every week, Dr. Kollias wades into the comments of PN’s Facebook communities, offering a well-researched take on the most controversial health and nutrition topics.

What’s interesting about Dr. Kollias:

Even if someone’s assertion sounds like “the Earth is flat” quakamamie, she still checks PubMed to see if they’re onto something.

“It doesn’t matter how much I think I may already know,” Dr. Kollias says. “As a scientist, I’m trained to think, ‘Could I be wrong?’”

She does this to avoid a psychological trap known as confirmation bias: The tendency to look for and hoard information that confirms what we already believe, while simultaneously ignoring all evidence to the contrary.

To combat that bias, she and other scientists are trained to wonder, “How might I be wrong?” 

And they search for evidence that supports their wrongness.

In essence, by exploring how they might be wrong, scientists are able to continually move toward what’s more right. 

For coaches, embracing wrongness offers similar benefits. It helps us know, with growing confidence, what does and doesn’t work, and for which clients.

Of course, for most of us, the idea of being wrong is about as appealing as swallowing a hornet.

To get over that discomfort, we only need a little practice. Here are a few ways to do that:

Google the opposite of what you think is true whenever you’re searching for information.
Regularly ask, ”What if I’m wrong?” Wonder, “Are there other ways to see this situation? Where are my blindspots?” And because you can’t always see your own blindspots…
Encourage others to oppose your opinions by saying things like, “Tell me how I’m wrong” or “I may not have all the answers, so if you know more about this than I do, I’m curious to learn.”

This is useful for clients too.

When clients say, “I can’t control myself around chocolate” or “I can’t eat sugar,” ask: “What if that’s not true?”

Help clients get past their own stuck beliefs, so they can explore what’s really possible.

Confirmation bias: Do you have it?

We have a tendency to think that confirmation bias is something that trips up… other people.

Hmm, let’s see.

Consider the following questions:

Do you listen to people or organizations who don’t align with your health views?
When you Google a health topic, do you click on results that disagree with what you already believe?
Are you familiar with arguments against what you believe? For example, if you’ve embraced veganism, can you cite reasoned arguments for eating meat?

If you answered “no” to any of those questions, you might be biased, at least a little bit.

And you’re also normal.

It’s natural to seek information that confirms what we believe and ignore information that doesn’t. It’s how our minds work.

The question isn’t whether we have confirmation bias, but rather:

Are we doing anything to counter it?

Being aware of your own blind spots and regularly challenging them can dramatically widen your scope of knowledge and make you a better coach (and maybe even a better human).

Tool #2: Discern between reliable information and BS.

For more than 21 years, Alwyn Cosgrove has gathered and stored data for every single training session with clients at Results Fitness, the gym he owns in Santa Clarita, California.

“I’ve seen more workouts by 9 am on a Monday than anyone could do in a year. That’s how much information I have at my fingertips,” says Cosgrove, who also owns Results University.

That information—from roughly 40,000 yearly sessions—functions like an ongoing research study. This allows Cosgrove to make informed choices based on his own massive data set, so he can confidently answer questions like:

If someone only has time to do one type of training, what’s more effective: power, strength, or cardio?
What’s better for strengthening the core: crunches or stability work?
Do clients improve faster when they work one-on-one with a trainer or when they work in small groups of four?
Will you gain strength faster if you do shoulder presses while standing? Or while seated?

(By the way, the answers to the above questions—based on Cosgrove’s data: Power, stability work, small groups, and standing.)

Maybe you’re not like Cosgrove and you neither have decades of experience, nor hundreds of thousands of data points.

So, how do you choose the best actions for each person? 

Well, a safe bet is to start with nutrition and lifestyle fundamentals that, evidence says, have the highest likelihood of creating a positive impact.

(Learn more: 5 Universal Principles of Good Nutrition—That EVERYONE Can Benefit From.)

But beyond those evergreen fundamentals, when determining the value of a new diet, exercise, or supplement, you’ll need to develop, well, a BS-meter.

There’s a lot of buzz out there about “cutting edge” ways to achieve better health. Here’s how to know what to trust:

When considering research and scientific resources…

✓ Prioritize meta analyses and reviews that summarize findings from an area of research (like Cochrane reviews), or position statements from government and nonprofit groups, like the World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, and American College of Sports Medicine.

✓ Check the “materials and methods” section to see who participated in the study. Consider: How is your client similar to the study population? How is your client different?

✓ Look for trusted curators of research. If you’re a member of PN Academy, check out “Research Insider,” which brings you easy-to-read research summaries. Or consider subscribing to, an independent company that analyzes and summarizes nutrition research.

(Sharpen your scientific BS-meter even more: How to read a scientific study.)

When evaluating health experts…

✓ Pay more attention to seasoned pros, who have decades of experience and are still successful, and less attention to “hot” newcomers.

✓ Be wary of people who dispense advice in fields they haven’t studied. In other words, dermatologists know more about your skin than they do about your cardiovascular health.

✓ Listen to people who talk like scientists. True experts are candid about the pros and cons of various strategies, admit what they don’t know, are open-minded, and use qualifiers when they talk. See “Can you trust this expert?” below for specifics.

Can you trust this expert?

Out there in the world wide web, you can find a person, website, or study that supports almost anything.

So how do you sort the truth from fiction? Here are some hints.

How True Experts Talk 
How Non Experts Talk
From what we know so far, this seems to be the case, in this particular population and setting.
This is absolutely true. [Full stop.]
We found this result in this population, but more research is needed. We don’t know how it might affect other populations.
This is a miracle cure! This is THE answer!
This adds to the body of work that has shown….
This proves it.
If you do this thing, you might see an improvement. On the downside…
This supplement will do EVERYTHING. There are no downsides.
Future research might prove this wrong.
There’s nothing that would ever change this result.

Paradoxically, true experts may actually sound less confident than pseudo-experts. 

That’s because they’re careful and take their recommendations—and the consequences of those recommendations—seriously.

They’re not completely confident, because you can’t have unbridled confidence unless you don’t know what you don’t know.

Tool #3: Know about nuance.

If you’ve been with Precision Nutrition for awhile, you’ll find we use one phrase a lot:

It depends. 

How much protein do you need? It depends.

Is wine bad for you? Depends.

Should I eat more broccoli? Also… depends.

Why does so much depend? Because:

No one finding applies to all people in all situations all the time.

We know this from science:

Younger people have different protein needs than older people. Wine poses different health risks to men than it does to women. Broccoli is a great veggie choice for most people, but turns others into a fart factory.

So when considering any research finding—positive or negative—always ask:

When is this true? And when isn’t this true? 

People are unique, and context matters.

Tool #4: Use experiments to test ideas.

Every year, our Precision Nutrition coaches encounter a few clients desperate to lose the last few pounds.

And often those last few pounds are based on a number from…long ago. (Maybe their wedding day weight. Or their pre-pandemic weight.)

Thing is, in addition to body weight creeping up, lots of other things have changed over the years. Like how much time someone has to devote to exercise, or how much control someone has over cookies entering the house.

Which can make that long-ago scale number a lot harder to reach.

They long for that “magic” number, but “they’re either unable to do the incredibly hard work of restricting that much—or they DO restrict a lot and still don’t lose those last few pounds,” says Precision Nutrition coach Pam Ruhland.

To these clients, Ruhland often suggests a counterintuitive experiment: Part with the scale for a month.

Surprise: Ruhland’s clients often emerge transformed, telling her, “I thought I needed to lose more weight. But I’m actually happy where I am.”

At Precision Nutrition, our coaches use experiments like the above a lot—because they help clients test strongly held beliefs that may or may not actually be true for them.

Beliefs like:

“I’ll only be happy if I have a six-pack.”
“If I let myself get too hungry, I’ll eat the whole fridge.”
“This supplement is going to fix everything.”

The only way to find out if these beliefs are true, is to test them. To do so, use this advice, from Cosgrove:

✓ Know what you’re measuring, and get a baseline. Are you measuring happiness? Sleep quality? Body composition? Record your starting point, so you have something to compare to later on.

✓ Change ONE thing at a time. Scientists call this “controlling variables,” and it helps you to know what actually worked (or didn’t). So, don’t take the supplement and start doubling down on your hill sprints.

✓ Wait at least two to three weeks. Clients may step on their scale tomorrow and decide, “It’s not working! NEXT!” But caution them: It usually takes a few weeks for any intervention to have an effect.

✓ Consider graphing your data. Sometimes change isn’t perfectly linear. (Good days and bad days, you know?) Graphing helps you see visually whether things are (overall) improving, staying the same, or getting worse.

For more advice on setting up experiments, read: “3 diet experiments that can change your eating habits—and transform your body.”

Tool #5: Use failure as feedback—and not as evidence of your worthlessness.

It’s pretty rare for any scientific discovery to take place without a long, arduous process of elimination.

Katalin Karikó is a scientist at the University of Pennsylvania. Back in the 1990s, when she wanted to study how messenger RNA could be used to fight disease, no one would fund her.

No one believed her idea could work. 

Undeterred, she spent decades doing experiments, most of which taught her one thing: how not to use mRNA to fight disease.

These failures proved enormously valuable: They eventually led to vaccines that have been key in fighting COVID-19.

Nutrition coaching is a similar process.

It’s frustrating when a series of actions fail to help a client move forward. But it’s precisely this process of elimination that helps clients figure out the practices that work—for them.

The more they try and test, the more they personalize nutrition, fitness, and health actions for their body, goals, and life.

To embrace this process of figuring out what works (often through valuable failure), use the 6-steps we teach our Level 1 certification students:

1. Assess and gather data.

What are your client’s goals, needs, and skills? In other words, who are they, what can they do, and what do they want? Include any baseline measurements for variables you want to track.

2. Understand and explore.

Be curious about your client’s background, story, and situation. Get to know them as a whole person, and build their trust. (Tip: Talk like a “true expert,” as mentioned above.)

3. Strategize and plan.

Hypothesize what might work most effectively for your client (based on what you uncovered in steps 1 and 2). Then, draft a plan to test that hypothesis.

4. Choose one action to try.

Drawing from the plan you’ve drafted, give your client some options, then let them choose their next action. Make sure this action is meaningful to them, and that they feel confident about their ability to do it.

5. Observe and monitor.

How well is your client able to do the thing? And how consistently? What are you and your client learning?  Record how your client does, and any new information you learn about them.

6. Analyze and evaluate.

Assess how things went, based on both successes and failures. (Remember, it’s all useful feedback.) Use what you discover during this step to choose another action to move your client closer to their goal, and return to step 3.

It’s by embracing this never-ending step-by-step loop that our coaches eventually reframe failure.

Instead of labeling mistakes or lack of client results as “I’m a sorry excuse for a coach,” they come to believe: “I need to fail to learn from my mistakes.”

Feel the fear—and use science anyway.

We want you to know: It’s normal to doubt yourself, especially…

early in your coaching career
when facing a challenging client or situation
when you’re not sure if your advice is actually going to work

So we’d like to leave you with two thoughts.

First, you don’t need all the answers.

What you need: a process for revealing next actions.

The five tools in this article give you exactly that. By trusting and using these science-based tools, you’ll always uncover what’s right for each client.

Second, like it or not, fear is part of this process. 

As Precision Nutrition coach Jon Mills told a new coach who was struggling:

“Fear is what makes a coach great, and if we need to be without fear in order to start something new, we would never do anything.”

If you’re a coach, or you want to be…

Learning how to coach clients, patients, friends, or family members through healthy eating and lifestyle changes—in a way that’s personalized for their unique body, preferences, and circumstances—is both an art and a science.

If you’d like to learn more about both, consider the Precision Nutrition Level 1 Certification.

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European Court of Human Rights Affirms Freedom of Religion or Belief of Russian Scientologist



LOS ANGELES, Calif., Oct. 6, 2021 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) — The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has once again affirmed the rights of Scientologists in Russia to practice their religion based on Article 9 of the ECHR Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, announced the Church of Scientology International.

PHOTO CAPTION: European Court of Human Rights (Photo by Katrinitsa, Creative Commons license).

Article 9 states:

“Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.

“Freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.”

In its September 28, 2021, judgment in Kuropyatnik v. Russia, (Application no. 64403/11), the ECHR ruled that Scientologist Vladimir Leonidovich Kuropyatnik, a Moscow Scientologist, was illegally detained by a Russian police officer who questioned him on the basis of his membership in the Scientology religion.

The Court found Kuropyatnik’s October 13, 2010, detention deprived him of liberty and violated Articles 8 and 9 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms which guarantee the right to respect for private and family life and freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

The ECHR noted that at the time this incident took place, the Church of Scientology had been registered as a religious organization in Russia for more than two decades and that Russian authorities had consistently over the years acknowledged the religious nature of Scientology. This Court found Russian police targeting Mr. Kuropyatnik for being a Scientologist was a blatant abuse of his religious freedom by the Russian state and ordered Russia to pay him EUR8,000 in damages for violating his human rights.

This decision is consistent with the European Court of Human Rights landmark decision of 5 April 2007 in the case Church of Scientology Moscow v. Russia (Application no. 18147/02), which overturned the Moscow city government’s refusal to register the Church of Scientology of Moscow as a religious organization. The Court found that Russia violated the rights of the Church of Scientology under ECHR Article 11 (the right to freedom of association) “read in the light of Article 9” (the right to freedom of religion) when it refused to reregister the Church of Scientology of Moscow.

Once again, the European Court of Human Rights has upheld that Scientologists are guaranteed the same rights by the European Convention on Human Rights granted to those of any other religious organization.

The European Court of Human Rights was established to create a mechanism for the resolution of human rights complaints against States parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Convention was adopted by the Council of Europe in 1950. Located in Strasbourg, France, the Court has jurisdiction over 47 states in Europe, including Russia, with a combined population of some 820 million citizens.

This announcement was originally published as a blog on the Scientology Religion website. The Church of Scientology publishes this blog to help create a better understanding of the freedom of religion and belief and provide news on religious freedom and issues affecting this freedom around the world.

The Founder of the Scientology religion is L. Ron Hubbard and Mr. David Miscavige is the religion’s ecclesiastical leader.

For more information on Scientology, visit the Scientology website or the Scientology TV network.

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News Source: Church of Scientology International

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Debt Cap Voting: Republicans Are Poised to Thwart Efforts to Raise Borrowing Limits As Defaults Are Approaching



Washington-As the country barrels towards default, Republicans are ready to sink Democratic efforts to suspend federal borrowing restrictions.

Senate Republicans are blocking measures passed in the House of Representatives that will be suspended Debt limit Until December 2022. At least 10 Republicans must join all Senate Democrats to break the GOP filibuster and pass the bill with a simple majority vote.

Democrats argue that this will give Republicans exactly what they are looking for: a country’s borrowing limit approved only by Democrats.

“Tomorrow’s vote is not a vote to raise debt caps, but rather a procedural step to get Democrats to raise debt caps,” Senate leader Chuck Schumer said Tuesday. “We’re not asking the Republicans to vote for you, they’re just letting them vote.”
more: Why Daily Americans Need to Care About Debt Caps

But the Republicans aren’t retreating. They have full control of Washington and plan to pass trillions of socio-economic packages with zero Republican input, so Democrats must act to raise their federal debt caps themselves. I’ve been doing things that don’t happen for months.

“They said they were ready to work on their own,” Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell told reporters Tuesday. “The easiest way to do this is to use the tuning process, as I’ve pointed out for two months.”

Republican McConnell has reiterated that Democrats need to raise debt limits to cover the potential trillions of costs in the unpassed portion of President Joe Biden’s agenda, but it has already taken. Debt limits need to be raised to cover spending under the unified Republican-backed Trump administration.

Senator Lindsey Graham (RS.C.) said she did not support voting on ABC News on Tuesday.

“We are not going to empower a radical march towards socialism,” said Graham, a top Republican member of the Budget Committee.

Senator Bernie Sanders, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, has highlighted potential solutions, including temporarily suspending filibuster rules that require 60 votes for most bills.

“It could go down, at least for a demand on a debt limit to end the filibuster and pass it with 51 votes,” Sanders suggested.

However, to do this, a rally of 50 Democrats needed to remain unified, and both Senator Joe Manchin and Senator Kyrsten Sinecine of West Virginia opposed the change in filibuster rules.

Republicans haven’t been recorded yet and say they’re ready to join the Democratic Party to pave the way for a final vote on Wednesday’s debt restrictions, but moderate Senator Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, said Many have opened the door to potential participation.

“I want to make sure I’m doing everything I can to avoid falling into the default situation, and I don’t want to get close to it,” Marcusski said. “We need to confirm. We just need to confirm.”

The country technically reached its debt cap on August 1, and the Treasury took special steps to pay the country’s invoice. However, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said her division’s efforts would be completely exhausted by October 18, and defaults would be nearly certain.

Pressure is rising alongside party gridlock, and backup plans have not surfaced.

McConnell and his meeting insist on using a swift budgeting tool called reconciliation that allows Democrats to break filibusters and pass certain laws. The use of this mysterious process is tedious and can take weeks, freeing Democrats into a series of potentially politically distressing votes.

However, insisting on using this process could have additional political interests for Republicans. It will leave Democrats a record of raising debt caps by a large amount, but Wednesday’s vote-simply suspending debt caps at a certain amount-is not. It will affect the Republican story that Democrats are out of control spenders.

Senator Mike Rounds (RS.D.) said on Tuesday that he was “very interested in a particular amount.” “They would have to come in front of the Americans and say,’This is the amount we’re going to spend, so we’re going to increase our debt cap by X.’ There. “

Some Democrats say they support the use of a settlement if it means a quick solution to the debt restriction issue. Manchin said the process should be considered, and Connecticut Senator Richard Blumenthal said when asked by reporters whether to consider fast-track budgeting tools, “everything should be on the table. “.

But with each passing day, Democrats are limited in the amount of time they have to quickly track up debt cap increases through a multi-step process, and Democrats have not begun work on the reconciliation process, even behind the scenes. Tell ABC News about it.

“No, not at this time,” Sanders told ABC News.

Some Democrats were more emphasizing.

“The settlement was never at the table,” said Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren. “I don’t have enough time for the settlement to work.”

But on Tuesday, Schumer did not explicitly exclude it.

Schumer repeatedly mentioned Wednesday’s vote as the preferred way to raise debt caps when asked if they would be excluded using the budgeting process.

“Reconciliation is a complex process drawn out. We have shown the best way. We are moving in that direction,” Schumer refused to entertain Plan B.

If a country defaults, the consequences are definitely catastrophic. The White House warned that unprecedented defaults could shock the global economy and cause a recession. The political impact of both parties is unknown.

Copyright (C) 2021 ABCNews Internet Ventures.

Debt Cap Voting: Republicans are poised to thwart efforts to raise borrowing limits as defaults are approaching

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Which Are the Two Options You Have to Choose From If You Want to Bet on the Go?



People use their computers and laptops to bet on sports and play casino games all the time. Thanks to the different online betting websites, accessing your favorite hobby has never been easier. Everyone (assuming you live in a country where i Gaming is legal) can try out several betting websites in a matter of seconds. There are many differences between the brands, but in general, all of them allow you to use different features and promotions.

Even though those things are great, there are some drawbacks that have to be taken into account. The biggest one is related to the fact that you need to have access to a computer in order to bet. Some people don’t consider this to be a problem because their job requires them to sit in front of the computer all the time. However, others don’t have the privilege of using a PC or a laptop while at work. That’s why those people have no other option but to use their mobile devices.

We live in a world where most people around us use a smartphone or a tablet daily. We always carry those devices with us, which makes them the ideal “tool” to allow us to bet on the go. Let’s take a look at the two things that you can do if you want to have fun without the need for a computer.

Downloading and installing a mobile app

The first thing you can do if you want to use your smartphone or tablet is to download and install a mobile app. This process is complicated and it might take some time, depending on your preferred mobile OS. Luckily, punters with Android and iOS can get the BoyleSports app directly from this source by EB and start using the services of one of the most popular online betting platforms. Although you can download and install this app within seconds, there are many potential problems that some users might come across if they want other apps.

The most common issue Android users have to face is the lack of an app inside Google Play. Only a few iGaming sites have apps there, so you will most likely have to download and install an apk file. To do that, you need to open your device’s settings and enable the option to install apps from different sources.

Using a mobile website

The mobile application that you might want to download and install has a lot of advantages. However, unless you get the BoyleSports app for Android and iOS from Efirbet, you may spend a lot of time trying to find a legit apk file. The good news is that there is a solution to your problems – the mobile website.

Online bettors who don’t want to deal with the problems of getting an app can simply use the operator’s mobile website. Every online casino and bookmaker has a mobile version of its desktop site. Some of them try to make exact copies of their original websites, whereas others are more innovative. No matter which kind of mobile website you choose, it will let you bet on sports and play the casino games you want to. Furthermore, you can use the different features and promos.

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